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技術名稱 Technology
發明人 Inventor
曾昭雄, 吳承洲,
所有權人 Asignee 國立臺灣科技大學

專利國家 Country 申請號 Application No. 專利號 Patent No. 中心案號 Serial No.
中華民國 109104013 申請中 1080070TW0
美國 16/851,443 申請中 1080070US0
  點閱數:118

技術摘要:
A novel microwave perturbation-injection-locked (PIL) and phased- and perturbation-injection-locked (PPIL) sensors with self-oscillating complementary split-ring resonator (SO-CSRR) are proposed for finger and wrist pulse detection. This SO-CSRR is designed to generate a concentrated electric field in the near-field region, and then senses the skin surface variations of the fingertip or wrist artery that are caused by the periodic capillary or vessel motion under systolic and diastolic pressure states. When the fingertip is placed on the CSRR, the periodic variation of the skin leads to a periodic resonant frequency deviation based on perturbation theory. This frequency deviation accompanies the corresponding phase shift. By injecting this phase-shifted signal into the SO-CSRR, it generates a frequency deviation at its output. This is the frequency-modulated signal based on the injection-locked theory. Moreover, as the SO-CSRR is locked by the phase-locked loop, the vital-sign information contained in the frequency-modulated signal can be demodulated at the tuning-voltage terminal. This frequency-modulated signal can be also demodulated by amplitude-based demodulator, which is composed of a microwave differentiator and an envelope detector. The proposed sensors are employed to detect finger and wrist pulses. Both the pulse interval and waveform shape strongly agree with the results obtained using the photoplethysmography sensor. Since the proposed sensors has the benefits of having a simple system architecture, compact circuit size, and high sensitivity, they have great potential to be developed as wearable sensors for healthcare applications.

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